Specific programme “People”: Mobility

  1. Introduction
  2. What kind of programme is usually funded?
  3. What kind of participant is usually funded? – Participation rules
  4. What is the procedure for funding? – Financing models
  5. Where can I get consultation?
  6. Where can I find a Bavarian contact person?
  7. Where can I get more information?

1. Introduction

“PEOPLE“ – Mobility of researchers (Marie-Curie actions)

The basic thought behind the specific programme “People” is the strengthening of the European “human potential” in the fields of research, development and technology in the context of mobility actions. Through targeted funding, researchers from Europe and the greater-European outland are meant to be financially assured in that they can either work or do research for a certain amount of time in other EU countries or beyond the borders of the EU and return once again to the EU area after a period of time abroad. The academic growth of junior researchers is the particular focus here, for which new perspectives for their own scientific career are to be revealed and enabled. Diverse cross-border individual activities are particularly supported, which take into consideration various career steps for researchers, or contain the following aspects:

  • Trans-national mobility of researchers
  • Funding from the time of graduation
  • No age limi
  • “Gender Mainstreaming” (min. 40% proportion of women)
  • “Bottom-up approach” (no thematic limitations)


2. What kind of programme is usually funded?


The Programme consists of five fields of activities in all with various emphases and measures. Four fields support genuine instructional and research actions, a fifth on the other hand supports general aspects of research instruction and mobility with the aid of special actions.

  1. Researchers’ basic training (Initial Training of Researchers → ITN)
  2. Life-long training and career development
  3. Industry-Academia Partnerships and Pathways → IAPP
  4. International Dimension
  5. Specific Actions

1. Initial Training of Researchers → ITN:

In this programme, network activities with collaborative, structured training-actions for researchers at the beginning of their careers are funded.

Target group and prerequisites for funding are the following:

  • Young junior scientists with max. five years of research experience, particularly doctoral candidates or young post-docs
  • Duration of the project amounts to max. four years
  • Usually, minimum three facilities in three different member states in the EU or associated countries (a kind of international graduate college)

Individual experienced scientists and researchers can, with certain prerequisites, be integrated into the network as “visiting scientists” in this manner, thus being supported for up to two years. Furthermore, the establishment of teaching positions and the organisation of special training events such as “summer schools” and conferences are also funded. 

2. Life-long Training and Career Development:

This funding module supports the career development and expansion of competence for so-called “experienced researchers“ in Europe (minimum prerequisite: completed doctoral programme or four years of full-time research experience after completing studies) in various stages of their career, who want to carry out a research project in Europe. For this three actions are available:

  • “Intra-European Fellowships for Career Development” (IEF): Research tenures at a scientific facility in a European foreign country (one to three years). Exceptional arrangements are possible under certain conditions for recently graduated doctoral academics, for example, or for scientists who have been active for more than three years.
  • “European Reintegration Grants” (ERG): Support for researchers in their professional re-integration back into Europe (including home country) after a previous funding in the context of a Marie-Curie action of at least 18 months duration (subvention for two to three years for research and income expenses)
  • “Co-funding of Regional, National and International Programmes” (COFUND): Support of the chosen target group through indirect funding of existing scholarship programmes (de-central granting of fellowships for national programmes in particular, which promote the trans-national mobility of researchers). Only corresponding institutions may submit applications, interested parties should apply directly to them.

3. Industry-Academia Partnerships and Pathways → IAPP:

Under this funding module, an improved exchange of qualified technical staff, technology and knowledge between academic research and the private-commercial-industrial sector is aspired to.

This involves in particular the creation or improvement of long-term, structured cooperations between facilities from both sectors, i.e. public and private research and development.

Central to this is a project with duration of, usually, three to four years in which at least one academic partner and one industrial partner (especially SMEs) from two different member or associated states should be involved.

The following activities are supported with this funding programme:

  • Reciprocal exchange of research personnel between the partners
  • Temporary employment or assumption of new external experts (researchers)
  • Mutual organisation of workshops and conferences (which should be accessible to researchers outside the partnership)
  • Possibility for special support of SMEs for project-related configuration

4. International Dimension::

Researchers and scientists from Europe receive the possibility to expand their international experience in the context of execution of a research project in a third country, whereby the return back to Europe is a prerequisite.

Furthermore, the international cooperation is funded by the support of highly-qualified researchers from third countries, who come to Europe for purposes of research.

The return back into the home country as well as the return to Europe are funded, after a longer stay abroad in a third country for research purposes.

Special partnerships strengthen the international dimension of the research cooperation at the institutional level. These partnerships exist between several European research facilities and one or more research organisations in countries with special research agreements with the EU, e.g. partnerships in the context of the European neighbouring country policies and with countries in the context of international cooperation agreements (ICPC, among others)*.

* ICPC-countries: International Cooperation Partner Countries

5. Specific Actions:

This programme funds support actions for a joint European labour market for researchers under special consideration of the removal of mobility obstacles and the improvement of career perspectives. Activities that raise the “public awareness” also fall under this category.


3. What kind of participant is usually funded? – Participation rules

Eligible legal entitie

  • Universities and universities of applied sciences (formerly known as technical colleges or “Fachhochschulen“)
  • Non-university research institutions
  • Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)
  • Enterprises with aspirations for innovation (from industry, commerce, etc)
  • Public facilities such as officials
  • Consultation facilities, etc.


4. What is the procedure for funding? – Financing models

Basically, all personnel and mobility expenses are funded depending on the country (“correction coefficients“). In FP7 (2007–2013), a budget of around 4.750 billion € has been allocated for the implementation of the programme “People”.


5. Where can I get consultation?

National Contact Point “People“ (Marie-Curie Actions)
Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung
Jean-Paul-Str. 12
D-53173 Bonn

Walter Denk
Tel: +49 (0) 228 – 833 - 147
Fax: +49 (0) 228 – 833 - 114
E-Mail: oder


6. Where can I find a Bavarian contact person?

Bavaria Research Alliance GmbH
Prinzregentenstr. 52
D-80538 Munich

Dr. phil. Wolfgang Thiel
Head of Unit Domain Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities and Security Research
Tel: +49 (0) 89 - 9901 888 - 160
Fax: +49 (0) 89 - 9901 888 - 29


7. Where can I get more information?

The National Contact Point hereby presents itself to you at the following homepage:

For more important information, go to the following links:

German portal for the topic “People”:


KoWi – Coordination Site Work-Group of the Science Organisations:

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